Introduction Isle of Man

Background: Part of the Norwegian Kingdom of the Hebrides until the 13th century when it was ceded to Scotland, the isle came under the British crown in 1765. Current concerns include reviving the almost extinct Manx Gaelic language.

Geography Man, Isle of
Location: Western Europe, island in the Irish Sea, between Great Britain and Ireland
Geographic coordinates: 54 15 N, 4 30 W
Map references: Europe
Area: total: 572 sq km
land: 572 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area – comparative: slightly more than three times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 160 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
Climate: temperate; cool summers and mild winters; overcast about one-third of the time
Terrain: hills in north and south bisected by central valley
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Irish Sea 0 m
highest point: Snaefell 621 m
Natural resources: none
Land use: arable land: 9%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 91% (permanent pastures, forests, mountain, and heathland) (2002)
Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards: NA
Environment – current issues: waste disposal (both household and industrial); transboundary air pollution
Geography – note: one small islet, the Calf of Man, lies to the southwest, and is a bird sanctuary
People Man, Isle of
Population: 75,049 (July 2005 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 17.4% (male 6,681/female 6,365)
15-64 years: 65.5% (male 24,693/female 24,482)
65 years and over: 17.1% (male 5,163/female 7,665) (2005 est.)
Median age: total: 39.48 years
male: 38.16 years
female: 40.89 years (2005 est.)
Population growth rate: 0.52% (2005 est.)
Birth rate: 11.18 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Death rate: 11.26 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Net migration rate: 5.33 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2005 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 5.93 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 6.93 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.87 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 78.34 years
male: 74.98 years
female: 81.87 years (2005 est.)
Total fertility rate: 1.65 children born/woman (2005 est.)
HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate: NA%
HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS: NA
HIV/AIDS – deaths: NA
Nationality: noun: Manxman (men), Manxwoman (women)
adjective: Manx
Ethnic groups: Manx (Norse-Celtic descent), Briton
Religions: Anglican, Roman Catholic, Methodist, Baptist, Presbyterian, Society of Friends
Languages: English, Manx Gaelic
Literacy: definition: NA
total population: NA%
male: NA%
female: NA%
Government Man, Isle of
Country name: conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Isle of Man
Dependency status: British crown dependency
Government type: parliamentary democracy
Capital: Douglas
Administrative divisions: none; there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 24 local authorities each with its own elections
Independence: none (British crown dependency)
National holiday: Tynwald Day, 5 July
Constitution: unwritten; note – The Isle of Man Constitution Act of 1961 does not embody the unwritten Manx Constitution
Legal system: English common law and Manx statute
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: Lord of Mann Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Lieutenant Governor Ian MACFADYEN (since 26 October 2002)
head of government: Chief Minister Donald GELLING (since 14 December 2004)
cabinet: Council of Ministers
elections: the monarch is hereditary; lieutenant governor appointed by the monarch for a five-year term; the Chief Minister is elected by the Tynwald; election last held 14 December 2004 (next to be held December 2010)
election results: Donald GELLING elected chief minister by the Tynwald; note – Richard CORKILL resigned 2 December 2004
Legislative branch: bicameral Tynwald consists of the Legislative Council (an 11-member body composed of the President of Tynwald, the Lord Bishop of Sodor and Man, a nonvoting attorney general, and 8 others named by the House of Keys) and the House of Keys (24 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: House of Keys – last held 22 November 2001 (next to be held November 2006)
election results: House of Keys – percent of vote by party – Man Labor Party 17.3%, Alliance for Progressive Government 14.6%; seats by party – Man Labor Party 2, Alliance for Progressive Government 3, independents 19
Judicial branch: High Court of Justice (justices are appointed by the Lord Chancellor of England on the nomination of the lieutenant governor)
Political parties and leaders: Man Labor Party [leader NA]; Alliance for Progressive Government [leader NA]; Man Nationalist Party [leader NA] note: most members sit as independents
Political pressure groups and leaders: none
International organization participation: UPU
Diplomatic representation in the US: none (British crown dependency)
Diplomatic representation from the US: none (British crown dependency)
Flag description: red with the Three Legs of Man emblem (Trinacria), in the center; the three legs are joined at the thigh and bent at the knee; in order to have the toes pointing clockwise on both sides of the flag, a two-sided emblem is used
Economy Man, Isle of
Economy – overview: Offshore banking, manufacturing, and tourism are key sectors of the economy. The government’s policy of offering incentives to high-technology companies and financial institutions to locate on the island has paid off in expanding employment opportunities in high-income industries. As a result, agriculture and fishing, once the mainstays of the economy, have declined in their shares of GDP. Trade is mostly with the UK. The Isle of Man enjoys free access to EU markets.
GDP (purchasing power parity): $2.113 billion (2003 est.)
GDP – real growth rate: NA%
GDP – per capita: purchasing power parity – $28,500 (2003 est.)
GDP – composition by sector: agriculture: 1%
industry: 13%
services: 86% (2000 est.)
Labor force: 39,690 (2001)
Labor force – by occupation: agriculture, forestry and fishing 3%, manufacturing 11%, construction 10%, transport and communication 8%, wholesale and retail distribution 11%, professional and scientific services 18%, public administration 6%, banking and finance 18%, tourism 2%, entertainment and catering 3%, miscellaneous services 10%
Unemployment rate: 0.6% (2004 est.)
Population below poverty line: NA
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.6% (March 2003 est.)
Budget: revenues: $485 million
expenditures: $463 million, including capital expenditures of NA (FY00/01 est.)
Agriculture – products: cereals, vegetables; cattle, sheep, pigs, poultry
Industries: financial services, light manufacturing, tourism
Industrial production growth rate: 3.2% (FY96/97)
Exports: $NA
Exports – commodities: tweeds, herring, processed shellfish, beef, lamb
Exports – partners: UK (2000)
Imports: $NA
Imports – commodities: timber, fertilizers, fish
Imports – partners: UK (2000)
Debt – external: $NA
Economic aid – recipient: NA
Currency (code): British pound (GBP); note – there is also a Manx pound
Currency code: GBP
Exchange rates: Manx pounds per US dollar – 0.5462 (2004), 0.6125 (2003), 0.6672 (2002), 0.6947 (2001), 0.6609 (2000)
Fiscal year: 1 April – 31 March
Communications Man, Isle of
Telephones – main lines in use: 51,000 (1999)
Telephones – mobile cellular: NA
Telephone system: general assessment: NA
domestic: landline, telefax, mobile cellular telephone system
international: fiber-optic cable, microwave radio relay, satellite earth station, submarine cable
Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios: NA
Television broadcast stations: 0 (receives broadcasts from the UK and satellite) (1999)
Televisions: 27,490 (1999)
Internet country code: .im
Internet Service Providers (ISPs): NA
Internet users: NA
Transportation Man, Isle of
Railways: total: 61 km (35 km electrified) (2003)
Highways: total: 800 km
paved: 800 km
unpaved: 0 km (1999)
Ports and harbors: Castletown, Douglas, Ramsey
Merchant marine: total: 267 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 6,834,626 GRT/11,354,689 DWT
by type: bulk carrier 31, cargo 54, chemical tanker 45, combination ore/oil 1, container 15, liquefied gas 46, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 53, refrigerated cargo 4, roll on/roll off 10, specialized tanker 1, vehicle carrier 5
foreign-owned: 253 (Australia 1, Bahamas 8, Denmark 39, France 2, Germany 55, Greece 20, Hong Kong 3, Italy 7, Japan 4, Netherlands 2, New Zealand 1, Norway 18, Singapore 2, Sweden 1, Turkey 2, United Kingdom 86, United States 2)
registered in other countries: 9 (2005)
Airports: 1 (2004 est.)
Airports – with paved runways: total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Military Man, Isle of
Military – note: defense is the responsibility of the UK
Transnational Issues Man, Isle of
Disputes – international: none

Disclaimer. Credit and sources:
About, Inc., A part of The New York Times Company
CIA World Factsbook;